LAW EACH WEEK
Impoundable violations
by Atty. Karissa Tolentino

Impounding means that a motor vehicle is temporarily taken away and stored by the law enforcers until it is returned to the person responsible for it.

In case you didn’t know it yet, here are 36 traffic violations to avoid because they carry the penalty of impoundment. Under DOTC-LTO MC 89-105, the following violations shall cause the impounding of a motor vehicle:

1. Unregistered/Improperly registered/delinquent or invalid registration;

2. Unregistered substitute or replacement motor, vehicle engine, engine block or chassis;

3. Unauthorized change of color or configuration;

4. Operating, allowing the operation of a motor vehicle with a suspended or revoked Certificate of Registration;

5. Using license plates different from the body number; 6. Illegal Transfer of plates, tags, or stickers;

7. Violations involving absence of required parts, accessories or devices or defective parts, accessories or devices which pose danger to the public (this includes motor vehicle with an open exhaust or without a muffler);

8. Authorized route not properly painted;

9. Unauthorized/improvised number plates;

10.Failure to paint on vehicle business or trade name;

11. Failure to paint required markings;

12. No body number (for PUV);

13. Using radio or stereo in violation of existing regulation or without the necessary permit, or in breach of the condition in permit regulation;

14. Installation of jalousies, curtains, dim colored lights, strobe lights, dancing lights or similar lights, colored tinted or painted windshield on window glass on “for hire” vehicles;

15. Driving without a license plate; 16. Fake drivers license/ TVR;

17. Fake sticker;

18. Fake license plate;

19. Fake Official Receipt and Certificate of Registration;

20. Tampered documents pertaining to franchising, registration and licensing;

21. Failure to present any document regarding motor vehicle ATTA;

22. Breach of Franchise Conditions;

23. Improper use of drivers license; 24. Expired drivers license;

25. Expired Traffic Violation Receipt;

26. Driving without a license plate;

27. Fake drivers license/ TVR;

28. Fake sticker;

29. Fake license plate;

30. Fake Official Receipt and Certificate of Registration;

31. Tampered documents pertaining to franchising, registration and licensing;

32. Failure to present any document regarding motor vehicle ATTA;

33. Breach of Franchise Conditions;

34. Improper use of drivers license;

35. Expired drivers license;

36. Expired Traffic Violation Receipt.

For the foregoing violations, the apprehending officer must issue an Impounding Receipt of Motor Vehicle (IRMV) to the motorist. The motor vehicle may be released after the payment of the corresponding fines/penalties provided that there is no accessory penalty and/or suspension stipulated in the Resolution and/or Judgment. For example, if the violation is unregistered motor vehicle, the operator/driver is required to surrender first the 2 motor vehicle license plates before the release of the apprehended unit. The accessory penalty is to register the motor vehicle before the release of the surrendered plates. (www.lto.gov.ph/faqs/)

Even though you have not committed any of the foregoing violations, your vehicle may still be impounded if it is a subject of or being used in a crime. Under the Rules of Court, a stolen vehicle, or a vehicle, which has been, or being used as means of committing an offense can also be impounded or seized by law enforcers.


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